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« » March 2017 - Week 12

Sunday

12
1938: Germany invades Austria, 1917: Russian Revolution begins

Monday

13
1978: Death of Brigadier The Honourable Milton F Gregg, VC, MC, CD (The RCR), 1944: In the eastern North Atlantic, HMCS PRINCE RUPERT and USS Hobson and USS Haverfield band together with aircraft from the escort carrier USS Bogue and RAF 172 and 206 squadrons to sink U-575., 1943: U-163 is successfully attacked and sunk in the southern part of the Bay of Biscay by HMCS PRESCOTT. Note: This information was not established until the late 1980s when Canadian corvette and German U-boat records were restudied.

Tuesday

14
1862: The Royal Regiment of Canada: Ready Aye Ready, and Nec Aspera Terrant (Difficulties do not daunt)

Wednesday

15
44BC: Julius Caesar murdered by Brutus in Rome, 1991: Germany formally regains complete independence after the four post-World War II occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union) relinquish all remaining rights., 1988: The Halabja poison gas attack of the Iran-Iraq War begins., 1944: World War II: Battle of Monte Cassino - Allied aircraft bomb the Nazi-held monastery and stage an assault., 1943: World War II: Third Battle of Kharkov - the Germans retook the city of Kharkov from the Soviet armies in bitter street fighting., 1939: World War II: Nazi troops occupy the remaining part of Bohemia and Moravia; Czechoslovakia ceases to exist., 1917: Tsar Nicholas II of Russia was forced to abdicate in the February Revolution, ending three centuries of Romanov rule., 1916: President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 United States troops over the U.S.-Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa., 1781: American Revolutionary War: Battle of Guilford Courthouse - Near present-day Greensboro, North Carolina, 1,900 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis defeat an American force numbering 4,400., 1311: Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.

Thursday

16
1968: Vietnam War: In the My Lai massacre, between 350 and 500 Vietnamese villagers -- men, women, and children -- are killed by American troops., 1945: Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers., 1945: World War II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ends but small pockets of Japanese resistance persist., 1943: Climax of the Battle of the Atlantic: 38 U-Boats attack 2 convoys, sinking 21 merchant ships (to 20 Mar 43), 1942: First V-2 rocket test launch (exploded at liftoff)., 1939: From Prague Castle Hitler proclaims Bohemia and Moravia (the former Czechoslovakia) to be a German protectorate., 1938: Hitler denounces disarmament clause of Versailles Treaty and accelerates German rearmament., 1916: 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing cross the border to join the hunt of Pancho Villa., 1818: Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín., 1812: Battle of Badajoz (March 16 - April 6) - British and Portuguese forces besiege and defeat French garrison during Peninsular War., 1802: The United States Military Academy is established at West Point.

Friday

17
1945: While involved in mine-sweeping duties, HMCS GUYSBOROUGH is torpedoed and sunk by U-878 off Brest, France with the loss of 51 of her crew., 1942: MacArthur flies to Darwin, Australia; promises "I shall return" to the Philippines, 1941: Halfway between Iceland and southern Norway, off the Faeroe Islands, the Canadian merchantman J.B. White is torpedoed and sunk by U-99 with a loss of two of her crew of 40. This would be one of the most costly U-boat attacks of the war on Allied supply lines. A total of 88 merchant ships in two convoys; HX229 and SC122 with four destroyers and two corvettes as escorts, lose a total of 22 vessels to U-boat pack attacks.

Saturday

18
1863: The Lincoln and Welland Regiment originated when the 19th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada, was formed from nine independent companies: Non Nobis Sed Patriae (Not for ourselves, but for our country)