The Battle of Bosworth Field decisively ends the War of the Roses.
Charles I calls the English Parliament traitors. Beginning of the English Civil War.
King George III declares the American colonies to be in open rebellion.
French troops land in Ireland to aid the Irish Rebellion.
Twelve nations sign the First Geneva Convention. The International Red Cross is formed.
The Treaty of St. Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified. Japan ceded Sakhalin to Russia in exchange for the Kuril Islands.
Japan annexes Korea.
In Belgium, British and German troops meet in battle for the first time in World War I.
Lloyd-George announces 35 Zeppelins destroyed by the Allies
German troops reach Leningrad, leading to the siege of Leningrad.
Brazil declares war on the Axis powers (Germany, Italy and Japan)
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