the trouble with africa is a long and complicated story. to fix one problem, you have to fix many others. it stems from the fact many countries in africa were colonies that european countries controled.
the europeans took the land‘s resources to get rich, and in turn provided an infastructure for the country. after colonialism abolished, the pulling out of these governing countries ment that the infastructure was taken as well, and the economy and government crumbled. poverty took hold over many of these countries, and political vaccums were yet to be filled.
in the place of these european governments, new corupt governments took hold. when aid money was given to these governments they did what they call top down development all the leaders of the government took the money and spent it on luxury items (cars, jewlery), or the military to insure that they stay in power and can guard their riches, as to feeding hungry mouths of the masses.
then these poor nations were taken over essentally by commercial companies, this is called neo colonialism. they provided the infastructure the europeans did, and in turn they get cheap labour.
the new infastructure does not offer public education, clean drinking water, food, or adiquite housing. if you try to supply these things the government in power will take them and use them for themselves. if you offer education, most will not go, because they need the money to live off of to buy what little food they can. you cant get the corperations out, the government wont let them becuase they are cut a share of profits. you cant take the gov‘t out, who will take over? (no country wants the job really). so the government is without check really, and they go around what they like.
there is no education to better the people and rise above it by making a living. they are for the majority of nations illiterate. some countries are so uneducated that some married couples dont know how to consimate their mariages.
in the worst parts of africa peacekeepers are sent to insure that some of the people get the things like water and food. also to allow the fighting to stop when they are present, just for awhile so some people have time to get out of the area, and just as they leave it starts back up. the underlining problem is the government there, and no one wants to take it out. if the gov‘t is taken out, who will govern? and if someone steps up, you have to bring a country out of the "dark ages" in many aspects (ie- open sewers, communication, government services, education) to the rest of the developed world.
with the take on the problem right now, not much can be done. if there is to be change, there would have to be some pretty enginutive plans to pull it off. what the world is doing right now, is as close to the best as you are going to get. there is so much red tape, and a spider web of connected problems.
that is just my 2 cents.