William Wallace (Braveheart) is executed.
Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power as Emperor of France.
The Prussian army under Von Bulow repulses French attack at the Battle of Grossbeeren.
Slavery abolished throughout the British Empire.
The UK captures Hong Kong.
The Union Navy captures Fort Morgan, Alabama, thus breaking Confederate dominance of all ports on the Gulf of Mexico.
The Austro-Prussian War ends with the Treaty of Prague.
The first ship to the shore wireless message is received.
Japan declares war on Germany and bombs Qingdao (Tsingtao), China.
The Battle of Mons
The Soviet-German agreement signed
World War II: Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. In a secret addition to the pact, Baltic states, Finland and Poland are divided between the two nations.
World War II: The German Luftwaffe begins aerial bombardment of London.
Beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad.
Kharkov is liberated by the Soviet Army.
World War II: King Michael of Romania dismisses the pro-Nazi government of General Antonescu. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies.
Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
Saddam Hussein appears on Iraqi state television with a number of Western "guests" (actually hostages to try to prevent the Gulf War).
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