The role of Canadian infantry units has been unchanged for hundreds of years, despite technological and organizational changes: to close with and destroy the enemy as footsoldiers.
Role of the Infantry
To close with and destroy the enemy.
Well armed individuals with fighting spirit and dogged determination constitute the backbone of the infantry battalion. All the rest - vehicles, stores and equipment - merely exist to assist the infantry soldier to carry out the mission. It is by determination and the skilful use of weapons and ground that the battalion succeeds in battle
Tasks of the Infantry
To destroy the enemy in close combat
To defend a position by the holding of ground
To fight as covering force troops
To act as all or part of a reserve to counter-attack or block
To participate in airmobile, airborne and amphibioius operations
To establish surveillance and conduct patrols
To conduct security tasks, including rear area security; and
To exploit the effects of NBC weapons
Motto of the Infantry
DUCIMUS (We Lead)
The "Pillars" of the Infantry
Speed, violence and aggression.
Regiments are listed in Order of Precedence.
- Governor General's Foot Guards
- The Canadian Grenadier Guards
- The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
- The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada
- Les Voltigeurs de Quebec
- The Royal Regiment of Canada
- The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)
- The Princess of Wales Own Regiment
- The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment
- The Lincoln and Welland Regiment
- 4th Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment
- The Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
- The Grey and Simcoe Foresters
- The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment)
- The Brockville Rifles
- The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders
- Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent
- Le Regiment de la Chaudiere
- 4e Battalion, Royal 22e Regiment (Chateauguay)
- 6e Battalion, Royal 22e Regiment
- Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal
- The Princess Louise Fusiliers
- The Royal New Brunswick Regiment
- The West Nova Scotia Regiment
- The Nova Scotia Highlanders
- Le Regiment de Maisonneuve
- The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
- The Royal Winnipeg Rifles
- The Essex and Kent Scottish Regiment
- 48th Highlanders of Canada
- Le Regiment du Saguenay
- The Algonquin Regiment
- The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada
- The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment
- The North Saskatchewan Regiment
- The Royal Regina Rifles
- The Rocky Mountain Rangers
- The Loyal Edmonton Regiment
- The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada
- The Royal Westminster Regiment
- The Calgary Highlanders
- Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
- The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
- The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's)
- The Royal Montreal Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, The Irish Regiment of Canada
- The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's Own)
- The Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Many Infanty Regiments have come and gone since Confederation. Canada did not have designated infantry regiments until May 1900, when all existing Militia battalions were redesignated. In 1920, a massive reorganization of Canada's land forces saw all infantry regiments redesignated and the archaic system of numbering the regiments was abandoned. Many reorganizations were also made, reflecting the need to perpetuate the histories, traditions and battle honours won by the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the First World War.
A second set of sweeping reorganizations occurred in 1936 as the Canadian military modernized; again, many older designations were lost and many small regiments were amalgamated (combined) into larger regiments.
During the Second World War, many former infantry regiments converted to armour, and some regiments changed roles in the post-war period also, as the process of evolution continued through the Cold War and Canada's defence needs changed.
By the 1970s, the designations and roles of Canadian infantry regiments stabilized, and other than minor changes in designation, only two major changes have occurred since 1968.
- In 1995, the The Canadian Airborne Regiment was disbanded.
- In 2006 the Canadian Special Operations Regiment was formed.
Although traditionally called Infantrymen or Infantrywoman, Infanteer has gained in popular usage. This term specifies any soldier employed in any infantry role.
Equipment of the Infantry