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« » September 2020

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1944: Eisenhower establishes HQ in France, Allies liberate Arras, Verdun, Dieppe and Abbeville, 1942: The corvette HMCS MORDEN relentlessly depth charges a submarine off of Iceland. It would not be until a review of records in the late 1980's that U-756 is confirmed sunk., 1939: The German army invades Poland, 1903: The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's): Albainn Cu Brath (Scotland forever), 1864: U.S. Civil War: Confederate General John Bell Hood evacuates Atlanta, Georgia after a four-month siege mounted by Union General William T. Sherman., 1862: U.S. Civil War: Battle of Chantilly - Confederate General Robert E. Lee leads his forces in an attack on retreating Union troops in Chantilly, Virginia, driving them away.
31BC: Roman Civil War: Battle of Actium - Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra., 1998: A United Nations court finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide, marking the first time that the 1948 law banning genocide is enforced., 1945: World War II ends: The final official surrender of Japan was accepted by General Douglas MacArthur and Admiral Chester Nimitz aboard the battleship USS MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay., 1945: Vietnam declares its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam)., 1945: Japanese and allies sign surrender agreement aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, 1942: The Royal Canadian Infantry Corps is authorized: Ducimus (We lead), 1939: RCAF authorized to recruit to full establishment, 1939: Following the invasion of Poland, Freie Stadt Danzig Danzig (now Gda?sk, Poland) is annexed to Nazi Germany., 1918: VC won by Pte John Francis Young, 87th Battalion, CEF, Dury-Arras Sector, France, 1918: VC won by Pte Claude Joseph Patrick Nunney, DCM, MM, 38th Battalion, CEF, Drocourt-Queant Line, France (posthumous), 1918: VC won by LCol Cyrus Wesley Peck, DSO, 16th Battalion, CEF, Villers-lez-Cagnicourt, France, 1918: VC won by L/Cpl William Henry Metcalf, MM, 16th Battalion, CEF, Arras, France, 1918: VC won by Capt Bellenden Seymour Hutcheson, MC, Canadian Army Medical Corps attached to the 75th Battalion, CEF, Drocourt-Queant Support Line, France, 1918: VC won by A/Sgt Arthur George Knight, `10th Battalion, CEFm Villers-lez-Cagnicourt (near Arras), France (posthumous), 1918: DROCOURT-QUEANT, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 3 Sept 18), 1898: Battle of Omdurman - British and Egyptian troops led by General Horatio Kitchener defeat Sudanese tribesmen led by Khalifa Abdullah al-Taashi, thus establishing British dominance in the Sudan., 1870: Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan - Prussian forces defeat the French armies and take emperor Napoleon III and 100,000 of his soldiers prisoner at Sedan., 1864: U.S. Civil War: Union forces under General William T. Sherman enter Atlanta, Georgia a day after the Confederate defenders fled the city., 1862: U.S. Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George McClellan to full command after General John Pope's disastrous defeat at the Battle of Second Bull Run.
2006: WO. Richard Nolan KIA 1RCR C-Coy, 2006: WO. Frank Melish KIA 1RCR C-Coy, 2006: Pte William Cushley KIA, 1994: Sino-Soviet Split: Russia and the People's Republic of China agree to de-target their nuclear weapons against each other., 1944: MISANO RIDGE, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 5 Sept 44), 1944: CORIANO, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 15 Sept 44), 1943: LANDING AT REGGIO, 1943: ITALY, 1943-45, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 22 Apr 45), 1942: ITALY, 1943, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 17 Aug 43), 1939: World War 2 starts, 1912: The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's): Deas Gu Cath (Ready for the fray), 1861: American Civil War: Confederate General Leonidas Polk invades neutral Kentucky, prompting the state legislature to ask for Union assistance., 1855: Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village killing 100 men, women, and children., 1798: Weeklong battle of St. George's Caye begun between Spanish and British off the coast of Belize., 1783: American Revolutionary War ends: Treaty of Paris - A treaty between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain is signed in Paris, ending the war., 1777: The Flag of the United States flies in battle for the first time, at Cooch's Bridge in Maryland., 1651: English Civil War: Battle of Worcester - Charles I of England is defeated in the last main battle of the war., 1260: The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.
476: Romulus Augustus, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself King of Italy., 1967: Vietnam War: Operation Swift begins - The United States Marines launch a search-and-destroy mission in Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces. The ensuing 4-day battle in Que Son Valley kills 114 Americans and 376 North Vietnamese., 1951: The first live transcontinental television broadcast takes place in San Francisco, California from the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference., 1950: The "Beetle Bailey" comic strip begins., 1950: The "Beetle Bailey" comic strip begins., 1945: World War II: Japanese forces surrender on Wake Island after hearing word of their nation's surrender., 1944: World War II: The British 11th Armored Division liberate the city of Antwerp in Belgium., 1940: World War II: The USS GREER becomes the first United States ship fired upon by a German submarine in the war, even though the United States is a neutral power. Tension heightens between the two nations as a result., 1939: First RAF attacks on German Navy, 1886: Indian Wars: After almost 30 years of fighting, Apache leader Geronimo surrenders with his last band of warriors to General Nelson Miles at Skeleton Canyon in Arizona.
1942: Realizing their ship has became a target for an unseen U-boat, the crew of the Canadian Merchantman Lord Strathcona abandons ship just before torpedoes pierce her hull while laying at anchor off Conception Bay, Newfoundland., 1940: HMS DIANA, a British destroyer is recommissioned as HMCS MARGAREE after a lengthy refit at the Albert Docks in London, UK. This is to replace the loss of HMCS FRASER sunk off the Brittany coast in a collision with a British freighter in June., 1939: USA proclaims neutrality in European war
» 6 - Week 37
1944: Bridgehead established across the Moselle, 1916: Compulsory Service Bill passed in New Zealand, 1914: Battle of Marne begins
1942: While escorting convoy QS-22 up the St. Lawerence river to the open sea, the armed yacht HMCS RACOON is struck by a torpedo from U-165. There are no survivors., 1940: World War II: The Blitz - Nazi Germany begins to rain bombs on London. This will be the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing., 1940: Beginning of the London blitz, 1939: Introduction of Atlantic convoys, 1901: The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol., 1864: American Civil War: Atlanta, Georgia, is evacuated on orders of Union General William Tecumseh Sherman., 1812: Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Borodino - Napoleon defeats the Russian army of Alexander I near the village of Borodino., 1191: Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf - Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf.
1954: The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established., 1945: Cold War: United States troops arrive to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier., 1944: World War II: London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time., 1943: World War II: United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announces the surrender of Italy to the Allies., 1943: Eisenhower announces unconditional surrender of the Italians, 1941: World War II: Siege of Leningrad begins. German forces begin a siege against the Soviet Union's second-largest city, Leningrad. Stalin orders the Volga Deutsche deported to Siberia., 1917: Russian government reimposes death penalty everywhere for treason, desertion and cowardice, 1863: American Civil War: Second Battle of Sabine Pass - On the Texas-Louisiana border at the mouth of the Sabine River, a small Confederate force thwarts a Union invasion of Texas., 1855: Sebastopol falls following a year long seige, 1796: Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Bassano - French forces defeat Austrian troops at Bassano., 1760: Montreal capitulates to the British, 1514: Battle of Orsha - In one of the biggest battles of that century, Belarussians and Poles defeat the Russian army, 1449: Battle of Tumu Fortress - Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor, 1380: Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols, stopping their advance.
1945: Second Sino-Japanese War: Japan formally surrendered to China., 1944: World War II: Bulgaria is liberated by Russia., 1943: World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy., 1943: The Allies land at Salerno, 1942: World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon., 1916: VC won by A/Cpl Leo Clarke, 2nd Battalion, CEF, Pozieres, France, 1914: World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army., 1513: James IV of Scotland was defeated and died in the Battle of Flodden Field, ending Scotland's involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.
1977: France Guillotine: The last person to be executed by guillotine., 1944: LE HAVRE, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 12 Sept 44), 1939: Canada declares war on Germany, BEF begins to move to France
2001: Terrorist attacks take down both World Trade Center towers in NY and damage the Pentagon, 1973: Chile Military Coup: President Salvador Allende is killed., 1943: Italian fleet surrenders at Malta, 1942: After escorting 11 convoys between North Sydney and Quebec City, on the morning of Sep 11, within sight of the residents of Cap Chat, PQ, HMCS CHARLOTTETOWN is struck starboard side by 2 torpedos from U-517. In less than 4 minutes, CHARLOTTETOWN sinks with her own depth charges exploding as the ship descends. Miraculously, only 10 of the crew perish and HMCS CLAYOQUOT picks up 55 of the survivors
2001: Following the Terrorist attacks on the USA President Geoge Bush authorizes actions in Iraq and Afghanstan, 1974: Emperor Haile Selassie who had been crowned King, 1918: HINDENBURG LINE, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 9 Oct 18)
» 13 - Week 38
1942: HMCS OTTAWA is cut in two and sinks after being attacked by U-91 in the mid-atlantic. HMCS ST CROIX conducts depth charge attacks, while two corvettes pick up just 65 survivors from a crew of 179., 1759: The Battle of Quebec, 1759: Battle of the Plains of Abraham
1944: RIMINI LINE, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 21 Sept 44), 1866: The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment), 1866: The Ontario Regiment: Fidelis et Paratus, 1866: The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment): Air Son Ar Duthchais (For our heritage), 1866: The Highland Fusiliers of Canada: Defence, 1866: The Grey and Simcoe Foresters: Tenacious and Versatile, 1866: The Elgin Regiment: Officium Primum, 1857: VC won by Surgeon Herbert Taylor Reade, 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot (British Army), Delhi, India, 1852: The Duke of Wellington Dies
1916: FLERS-COURCELETTE, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 22 Sept 16), 1916: First use of tanks in World War I
1950: NAKTONG BDIRGEHEAD, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 25 Sept 50), 1939: Convoy HX-1 under escort from HMC Ships ST LAURENT & SAGUENAY departs Halifax for Britian. This convoy comprises the first 18 merchant ships of over 25,000 that would sail the Atlantic under RCN escort..... and so begins the Battle of Atlantic convoys., 1916: VC won by Pte John Chipman Kerr, 49th Battalion, CEF, Courceletee, France
1944: Operation Market Garden. Bridges at Veghel, Grave and Nijmegen are captured, but only temporarily at Arnhem, 1944: BOULOGNE, 1944, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 22 Sept 44), 1940: Operation Sea Lion postponed until further notice
1944: Several "Canloan" officers serving with the 1st Air Landing Brigade are killed in the defense of the recently captured bridgehead at Arnheim, Holland., 1944: SAN FORTUNATO, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 20 Sept 44), 1931: Japanese invade Manchuria, occupying Mukden, Changchun and Kirin (Mukden Incident), 1759: Quebec surrendered to the British, following Wolfe's victory at the Plain of Abraham on 13 September, sounding the death knell for a French presence in Canada.
1943: POTENZA, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 20 Sept 43)
» 20 - Week 39
1857: Belhi recaptured by the British, 1854: The Battle of Alma, Crimean War
1918: Lieutenant Honey, the only surviving officer, took command of a company of the Manitoba Regiment and led it in a series of successful attacks at Bourlon Wood in France. He twice went ahead alone to eliminate troublesome machine-gun nests, and finally fell mortally wounded. Elsewhere on the front, Lance-Corporal Lewis, Northamptonshire Regiment, who had previously distinguished himself in the destruction of a machine-gun post, also fell mortally wounded leading from the front in an attack on another formidable German position. Both Honey and Lewis were awarded a posthumous Victoria Cros., 1917: Three successive attacks on a German strongpoint by a company of the British Columbia Regiment failed, with heavy casualties, including all the officers. Company Sergeant-Major Hanna gathered the survivors and organised a successful fourth assault, leading the way through the barbed wire and machine-gun fire. He received the Victoria Cross., 1866: Sherbrooke Hussars: In Hoc Signo Vinces
1943: British midget submarines attack Tirpitz in Altenfjord, Norway
1944: CASALE, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 25 Sept 44), 1940: The George Cross and the George Medal instituted
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1915: LOOS, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 8 Oct 15)
1917: Sgt John Dwyer, 4 MG Coy, Royal Austarlian Army, awarded the VC for his actions during the third Battle of Ypres, Belgium., 1917: POLYGON WOOD, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 3 Oct 17), 1916: THIEPVAL, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 29 Sept 17), 1914: Indian troops land at Marseilles
» 27 - Week 40
1941: First Liberty ship, the Patrick Henry launched in Baltimore, 1918: VC won by Lt Graham Thomson Lyall, 102nd Battalion, CEF, Bourlon Wood, 1918: VC won by Lt George Fraser Kerr, 3rd Battalion, CEF, Bourlon Wood (near Cambrai), France, 1918: CANAL DU NORD, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 1 Oct 18)
1918: YPRES, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 2 Oct 18)
1918: Hindenburg Line broken by the Allies
1918: VC won by Lt Samuel Lewis Honey, DCM, MM, 78th Battalion, CEF (formerly 34th Battalion CEF), Bourlon Wood (posthumous)